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Small Town Ghettos

Overview

Abstract

Scope and Contents

Biographical Note

Administrative Information

Detailed Description

Mukacevo Ghetto

Wloclawek Ghetto

Bialystok Ghetto

Cherna Kapulkina Papers



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Small Town Ghettos, 1939-1945 | Los Angeles Museum of the Holocaust

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Collection Overview

Title: Small Town Ghettos, 1939-1945Add to your cart.View associated digital content.

Predominant Dates:1941 -- 1944

ID: RG-38/RG-38

Primary Creator: German ghetto authorities (1939 -- 1945)

Other Creators: Gentile witnesses to anti-Jewish atrocities and anihilation perpetrated by the Nazi-German agencies (1939 -- 1945), Jewish Council (Judenrat) of the Cracow Ghetto (1940 --1941)

Extent: 0.0

Arrangement: Materials are arranged by subject/creator, then by identifier, as assigned by the processor.

Subjects: Bialystok (Poland: Ghetto), Mukacevo (Czechoslovakia: Ghetto), postwar correspondence, wartime correspondences, Wloclawek (Poland: Ghetto)

Languages: Polish, Russian

Abstract

This Record Group contains collections related to the history of small Jewish ghettos in Poland and the western part of the USSR. These three collections comprise photo-documets and correspondences illustrating the tragic fate of the local Jewish population in the German-organized and supervised ghettos.

Scope and Contents of the Materials

There are three collections, namely Mukacevo Ghetto; Wloclawek Ghetto; Bialystok Ghetto and Cherna Kapulkina Papers. The documents largely reflect the ghetto mundane life, the anti-Jewish actions and liquidations of the ghettos. These documents are in the form of photographs and correspondences

Collection Historical Note

Ghettoization became a common process of concetration of the Jewish population in the German-occupied Eastern territories. German authorities percieved ghettoization as the means of gaining control over the Jewish population until the further decision with regard to the fate of Jews would be taken by the central Nazi authorities.

RG-38.01, Mukacevo Ghetto

RG-38.01.01, Ghetto Scenes, five original photographs, date taken 4 April 1944. The photographs depict a watchtower; two of a sign announcing the border of a ghetto in German and Polish; a street scene; and women picking up something near a building

RG-38.01.02, Ghetto Scenes, five original photographs. The pictures are the same as RG-38.01.01; however, all the pictures are in black and white, the file is in landscape and it has a caption

RG-38.02, Włoclawek Ghetto

RG-38.02.01, 10 photographs, Wloclawek, Poland, 1942. Jews forced into a ghetto, street scenes

RG-38.02.02, 4 photographs, Evacuation of ghetto in Wloclawek to Chelmno

RG-38.02.03, 4 photographs of Wloclawek, Poland. Jews are being forced into or evacuated from the ghetto. Street scenes in 1942. Same four photographs as RG-38.02.02; however, they are landscape, all in black and white and cropped, without writing on them

RG-38.03, Białystok Ghetto

RG-38.03.01, Bialystok Ghetto, photograph of ruins

RG-38.03.02, Bialystok Ghetto, a man leaning on a memorial in memory of the 60,000 Jewish brothers of Bialystok

RG-38.03.03, Bialystok Ghetto, photocopy of San Gabriel Tribune article “Survivors Refuse to Forget”

RG-38.04, Cherna Kapulkina Papers, Polotsk, Belorussia, USSR

nvelope. An envelope that contained a letter on a folded page. Language: Russian

RG-38.04.02, Letter on plain paper. This is presumably the letter that was contained in the envelope in RG-38.04.01. The letter is four pages long. Language: Russian

RG-38.04.03, Letter folded into a triangle. A letter folded into a triangle and addressed. Language: Russian

RG-38.04.04, Photograph, Minkovich Kapulkin Pesya, 1915-1941

RG-38.04.05, Photograph, Chaya Kapulkin, 1886-1941

RG-38.04.06, Cherna Kapulkina Papers, Photograph, Mendel Kapulkin, 1924-1941

Biographical Note

German local authorities, including police and security forces and other relted Nazi agencies, which supervised the Jewish ghettos.

They eventually were responsible for the implementation of the "Final Solution."

Subject/Index Terms

Bialystok (Poland: Ghetto)
Mukacevo (Czechoslovakia: Ghetto)
postwar correspondence
wartime correspondences
Wloclawek (Poland: Ghetto)

Administrative Information

Repository: Los Angeles Museum of the Holocaust

Access Restrictions:

No restrictions

Copyrighted materials, credits to and references to the Los Angeles Museum of the Holocaust are required

Digital copies might be available upon request

Use Restrictions: Copyrighted materials


Box and Folder Listing


Browse by Sub-Collection:

[Sub-Collection 1: Mukacevo Ghetto, 1944, April -- May],
[Sub-Collection 2: Wloclawek Ghetto, 1942],
[Sub-Collection 3: Bialystok Ghetto],
[Sub-Collection 4: Cherna Kapulkina Papers],
[All]

Sub-Collection 3: Bialystok GhettoAdd to your cart.

This collection contains photographs of the Bialystok Ghetto in Poland.  The collection also contains a photocopied article entitled Survivors Refuse to Forget written for the San Gabriel Tribune.

The Bialystok Ghetto was established by the Nazis in German occupied Poland.  Jews that lived in the ghetto were put to work in forced-labor enterprises, primarily in large textile factories established within the ghetto.  The ghetto was liquidated in 1943 and most Jews were either killed within the ghetto or transported to the Treblinka concentration camp.

Subject/Index Terms:
Bialystok (Poland: Ghetto)
Streets of the Bialystok Ghetto
Creators:
Jewish administration of the ghettos (1939 -- 1945)
Jewish Ghetto Administration, Bialystok
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 1: Bialystok Ghetto, photograph of ruinsAdd to your cart.View associated digital content.
A photograph of the ruins of the Bialystok Ghetto in Bialystok, Poland.
Subject/Index Terms:
Bialystok (Poland: Ghetto)
Streets of the Bialystok Ghetto
Ruins of the Bialystok Ghetto
Photographs, cities
Photographs, postwar, 1945 -- 1988
Creators:
Jewish Ghetto Administration, Bialystok
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 2: Bialystok Ghetto, a man leaning on a memorialAdd to your cart.View associated digital content.
A photograph of an unidentified man leaning against a memorial at the Bialystok Ghetto in Bialystok, Poland.
Subject/Index Terms:
Bialystok (Poland: Ghetto)
Bialystok Ghetto Memorial
Streets of the Bialystok Ghetto
Photographs, postwar, 1945 -- 1988
Holocaust Memorialization
Hebrew, language
Jewish Star of David, ghettos
Creators:
Jewish Ghetto Administration, Bialystok
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 3: San Gabriel Tribune article “Survivors Refuse to Forget”Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
A photocopy of an article entitled Survivors Refuse to Forget; Holocaust Reunion Rekindles Nightmares written for the San Gabriel Tribune by David Haldane.
Subject/Index Terms:
Bialystok (Poland: Ghetto)
Newspaper Article
San Gabriel Tribune newspaper article
Newspaper headlines
English, language
Photographs, postwar, 1945 -- 1988
Personal memoirs and recollections
Documents in English language
Creators:
San Gabriel Tribune, California
David Haldane


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