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Herbert and Nancy Bernhard Papers

Overview

Abstract

Scope and Contents

Biographical Note

Detailed Description

RG-75.01, German and American antisemitic materials

RG-75.02, German anti-Jewish and anti-Soviet propaganda  in the Eastern Front

RG-75.03, Interwar and Postwar Palestinian-Jewish materials

RG-75.04, Prewar Polish and Latin American immigration papers

RG-75.05, Family  documents and photographs, 19-20th centuries

RG-75.06, Evidences of Nazi crimes and postwar emigration to Palestine

RG-75.07, Papers of Israel Segal Rosenbach, Musicology

RG-75.08, The Pacific war-theater, 1941 --1945, photo-documents

RG-75.09, Hungarian Antisemitic materials, 1884 -- 1944



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Herbert and Nancy Bernhard Papers, 1872-1970 | Los Angeles Museum of the Holocaust

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Collection Overview

Title: Herbert and Nancy Bernhard Papers, 1872-1970Add to your cart.View associated digital content.

Predominant Dates:1933 -- 1945

ID: RG-75/RG-75

Primary Creator: Bernhard Family (1870s -- present)

Extent: 4.0 Boxes

Arrangement: Materials are arranged by subject/creator, then by identifier, as assigned by the processor

Subjects: American far-right political spectrum, Anarchist ideology, Anti-Bolshevik propaganda, Polish, Anti-communist propaganda, American, anti-Israeli propaganda, American, Anti-Israeli propaganda, Soviet, Anti-Israeli publications, Soviet, anti-Jewish caricatures, Anti-Jewish caricatures, German, Anti-Jewish propaganda, American, Anti-Jewish propaganda leaflets, Russian language, 1941 -- 1945, Anti-Jewish propaganda leaflets, Ukrainian language, 1939 -- 1945, anti-Segregationist ideology, Anti-Semitic caricatures, Anti-Semitic postcards, American, Anti-Semitic publications, Czech, Anti-Zionist propaganda, Soviet, Anti-Zionist publications, American, Anti-Zionist publications, Soviet, Antisemitic publications, American, Antisemitic satire, Antisemitism in Germany, Antisemitism in Hungary, Antisemitism in United States, Appeals to volunteer to German labor service, 1941 -- 1945, Birth Certificate, Ernst Schesenger, Birth certificates, British mandate authority of Palestine, 1920 -- 1948, Common Sense, American anti-Communist publication, postwar, Communist ideology, Consulate and diplomatic missions, Polish, Consulates and diplomatic missions, Consulates and diplomatic missions, Argentinian, Documents in English language, Documents in German language, Documents in Russian language, Documents in Ukrainian language, Documents related to immigration to Palestine, prewar, Emigration from Nazi Germany to Palestine, prewar, Family history, documents, Family photo-documents, Fiction literature about Jews in English, German appeals to surrender to the Red Army soldiers, 1941 -- 1945, German propaganda to volunteer for work in Germany, 1941 -- 1945, Germany (1933 -- 1939), Identity cards issued by British Palestinian authorities, 1920 -- 1947, Immigration documents, Immigration to British Mandate of Palestine, Jewish -- Christian Literature, interpretive texts, Jizchok Leib Peretz (Perez), Yiddish and Hebrew writer, Literary works, Jewish-German, Local armed forces in the British Mandate Palestine, 1942 -- 1946, McCarthyism, the practice of making accusation of disloyalty, 1950 --1956, Military training of Jewish Palestinian volunteers, Narratives in English language, Narratives in German language, Narratives in Russian language, Narratives in Ukrainian language, Notgeld (German "emergency money") issued by an institution not authorized for money emission, Official correspondence about immigration from Argentina to Palestine, prewar, Official correspondence about immigration from Poland to Palestine, prewar and postwar, Palestine, British Mandate Territory (1918--1948), Publications of American Far-Rights, postwar, Russian collaborationist anti-Jewish appeal and caricatures, 1941 -- 1945, Socialist ideology, Surrender - passes to the Red Army soldiers, issued by the Germans, 1941 -- 1945, The Cross and the Flag, American anti-Communist publication, postwar, Ukrainian collaborationist anti-Jewish appeal and caricatures, 1939 -- 1945, Wiener Illustierte (Viennese Illustrator), Austrian wartime newspaper, Women's Voice, Far Right publication, American, postwar, Yiddish literature

Languages: Russian, German, Hebrew, Spanish;Castilian, English

Abstract

This is a collection record groups of family histories and related documents. It also includes multi-profile collections related to the Modern European and Middle East History. Several collections contains documents of Nazi-German anti-Jewish and anti-Soviet propaganda implemented in the Eastern Front in 1941 -- 1944. A collection of anti-Semitic publications largely relates to American publications of 1960s and 1970s. A family documents overall are related to the Palestinian period and earlier Austrian period of these families' histories.  A Collection of its own right is the Segal Rosenbach documents of Musicology. The collections of the Evidences of Nazi-German crimes and the Collection of photo-documents from the Pacific war-theater are not necessarily family related. There is also a Collection of Hungarian-language antisemitic publications, perhaps somewhat related to the Family history.

Scope and Contents of the Materials

This is record group of multifaceted in historical sense collections, originated from the family papers of Herbert and Nancy Bernhard. The time span of the documents stretches from the 1870s to 1970s. The very names of its sub-record groups attests to the multi-dimensional character of these Papers. They include German and American antisemitic materials of the 20th century; Nazi-German anti-Jewish and anti-Soviet wartime propagandistic materials in the form of leaflets and appeals; Interwar and postwar documents originated from Palestine; The Immigration documents originate from Poland and Latin America; There are documents focusing on the family members. The other collections such as Evidences of Nazi-German crimes; Papers of Israel Segal Rosenbach in Musicology; The photo-documents from the Pacific war-theater, 1941 -- 1945 and the Hungarian antisemitic materials are not directly connected with these Family Papers.

Collection Historical Note

This Record Group contains nine sub-record groups, namely: RG-75.01, German and American antisemitic materials; RG-75.02, Nazi-German anti-Jewish and anti-Soviet propaganda materials used in the Eastern Front, 1941 -- 1944; RG-75.03, Interwar and Postwar Palestinian-Jewish materials; RG-75.05, Family  documents and photographs, Austrian period; RG-75.06, Evidences of Nazi-German crimes, collection of photo-documents; RG-75.07, Papers of Israel Segal Rosenbach, Musicology; RG-75.08, The Pacific war-theater, 1941 --1945, photo-documents; RG-75.09, Hungarian Antisemitic materials, 1884 -- 1944. As a whole these collections reflects Modern European History, the History of the Holocaust and personal nerratives in the form of famiily histories.

Biographical Note

This Record Group includes ten sub-record groups dealing with a family history and containing unrelated historic documents. The Family of Bernhards includes a related faimilies at least in Austria, Poland, Russia, Romania, Palestine in course of the 19th and 20th centuries.

Subject/Index Terms

American far-right political spectrum
Anarchist ideology
Anti-Bolshevik propaganda, Polish
Anti-communist propaganda, American
anti-Israeli propaganda, American
Anti-Israeli propaganda, Soviet
Anti-Israeli publications, Soviet
anti-Jewish caricatures
Anti-Jewish caricatures, German
Anti-Jewish propaganda, American
Anti-Jewish propaganda leaflets, Russian language, 1941 -- 1945
Anti-Jewish propaganda leaflets, Ukrainian language, 1939 -- 1945
anti-Segregationist ideology
Anti-Semitic caricatures
Anti-Semitic postcards, American
Anti-Semitic publications, Czech
Anti-Zionist propaganda, Soviet
Anti-Zionist publications, American
Anti-Zionist publications, Soviet
Antisemitic publications, American
Antisemitic satire
Antisemitism in Germany
Antisemitism in Hungary
Antisemitism in United States
Appeals to volunteer to German labor service, 1941 -- 1945
Birth Certificate, Ernst Schesenger
Birth certificates
British mandate authority of Palestine, 1920 -- 1948
Common Sense, American anti-Communist publication, postwar
Communist ideology
Consulate and diplomatic missions, Polish
Consulates and diplomatic missions
Consulates and diplomatic missions, Argentinian
Documents in English language
Documents in German language
Documents in Russian language
Documents in Ukrainian language
Documents related to immigration to Palestine, prewar
Emigration from Nazi Germany to Palestine, prewar
Family history, documents
Family photo-documents
Fiction literature about Jews in English
German appeals to surrender to the Red Army soldiers, 1941 -- 1945
German propaganda to volunteer for work in Germany, 1941 -- 1945
Germany (1933 -- 1939)
Identity cards issued by British Palestinian authorities, 1920 -- 1947
Immigration documents
Immigration to British Mandate of Palestine
Jewish -- Christian Literature, interpretive texts
Jizchok Leib Peretz (Perez), Yiddish and Hebrew writer
Literary works, Jewish-German
Local armed forces in the British Mandate Palestine, 1942 -- 1946
McCarthyism, the practice of making accusation of disloyalty, 1950 --1956
Military training of Jewish Palestinian volunteers
Narratives in English language
Narratives in German language
Narratives in Russian language
Narratives in Ukrainian language
Notgeld (German "emergency money") issued by an institution not authorized for money emission
Official correspondence about immigration from Argentina to Palestine, prewar
Official correspondence about immigration from Poland to Palestine, prewar and postwar
Palestine, British Mandate Territory (1918--1948)
Publications of American Far-Rights, postwar
Russian collaborationist anti-Jewish appeal and caricatures, 1941 -- 1945
Socialist ideology
Surrender - passes to the Red Army soldiers, issued by the Germans, 1941 -- 1945
The Cross and the Flag, American anti-Communist publication, postwar
Ukrainian collaborationist anti-Jewish appeal and caricatures, 1939 -- 1945
Wiener Illustierte (Viennese Illustrator), Austrian wartime newspaper
Women's Voice, Far Right publication, American, postwar
Yiddish literature


Box and Folder Listing


Browse by Sub-Collection:

[Sub-Collection 1: RG-75.01, German and American antisemitic materials, late 19th century -- 1970s],
[Sub-Collection 2: RG-75.02, German anti-Jewish and anti-Soviet propaganda  in the Eastern Front, 1939 -- 1945],
[Sub-Collection 3: RG-75.03, Interwar and Postwar Palestinian-Jewish materials, 1930s -- 1940s],
[Sub-Collection 4: RG-75.04, Prewar Polish and Latin American immigration papers, 1918 -- 1945],
[Sub-Collection 5: RG-75.05, Family  documents and photographs, 19-20th centuries, late 19th - beginning of the 20th century],
[Sub-Collection 6: RG-75.06, Evidences of Nazi crimes and postwar emigration to Palestine, 1939 -- 1945],
[Sub-Collection 7: RG-75.07, Papers of Israel Segal Rosenbach, Musicology, 1920s -- 1940s],
[Sub-Collection 8: RG-75.08, The Pacific war-theater, 1941 --1945, photo-documents, 1941 -- 1945],
[Sub-Collection 9: RG-75.09, Hungarian Antisemitic materials, 1884 -- 1944, late 19th century -- 20th century],
[All]

Sub-Collection 2: RG-75.02, German anti-Jewish and anti-Soviet propaganda  in the Eastern Front, 1939 -- 1945Add to your cart.
This collection comprises anitsemitic and antisoviet Nazi-German and local collaborationist publications in the form of appeals, announcements, leaflets and propaganda materials. These publications largerly were produced for the Eastern occupied territories of the former USSR.
Subject/Index Terms:
Anti-Jewish propaganda, German
Anti-Jewish propaganda leaflets, Russian language, 1941 -- 1945
Anti-Jewish propaganda leaflets, Ukrainian language, 1939 -- 1945
Nazi anti-Jewish propaganda
Anti-Soviet propaganda, German
anti-Stalin propaganda, German
Anti-Soviet propaganda, collaborationist
anti-Soviet propaganda, Ukrainian
anti-Jewish propaganda, Ukrainian
anti-Stalin propaganda, Ukrainian
German anti-Jewish appeals in the Soviet-occupied territories
German anti-Soviet appeals in the Soviet-occupied territories
German anti-Stalinist appeals in the Soviet-occupied territories
Collaborationist, anti-Jewish narratives, 1939 -- 1945
German appeals to the Red Army soldiers, Eastern Front, 1941 -- 1945
Appeals to volunteer to German labor service, 1941 -- 1945
Deception and propaganda about volunteer labor in Germany, 1941 -- 1945
Antisemitism in the German-occupied and controlled territories, 1939 -- 1945
Collaboration in antisemitic propaganda in the German-controlled and occupied territories
Appeals to join German Labor Service and start working in Germany
German appeals to Red Army soldiers to surrender, 1941 -- 1945
The USSR (1941--1945)
Germany (1939--1945)
Narratives in Russian language
Documents in Russian language
Narratives in Ukrainian language
Documents in Ukrainian language
Eastern Front, the German War against the USSR, 1941 -- 1945
Creators:
Nazi-German propaganda services in the Eastern Front (1941 -- 1945)
Collaborationist  propaganda services rendering anti-Jewish, anti-Communist, anti-Stalin materials (1939 -- 1945)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 1: RG-75.02.01, Anti-Semitic caricature of Jew with Roosevelt, Churchill, and Stalin, 1941-1945, 1941-1945Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
A Nazi caricature of President Roosevelt, Winston Churchill, and Joseph Stalin listening to a Jewish man play a pipe. Below is a description in Dutch that translates to “Yankee-Englishman-Bolshevik dancing to the pipes of the Jews”, insinuating that the Jews are controlling these Allied force leaders decisions. This is clearly a piece of Nazi propaganda because the Netherlands were occupied by Nazi Germany from 1940 to 1945 and Stalin did not join the Allies until 1941, when the Germans invaded the USSR.
Subject/Index Terms:
Antisemitism in the German-occupied and controlled territories, 1939 -- 1945
Collaboration in antisemitic propaganda in the German-controlled and occupied territories
Collaborationist, anti-Jewish narratives, 1939 -- 1945
Germany (1939--1945)
The USSR (1941--1945)
Nazi anti-Bolshevism
Nazi anti-Bolshevik racial and political propaganda
The Netherlands (1940--1945)
The Netherlands (Europe)
German occupation of the Netherlands, 1940 -- 1945
United States (1939 -- 1945)
Great Britain (1939--1945)
Winston Churchill, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, 1874--1965
Franklin Delano Roosevelt, 32nd President of the United States, 1882 -- 1945
Joseph Stalin, General Secretary of the Party and Prime Minister of the  USSR, 1879 -- 1953
Allied forces
anti-American caricatures
anti-British caricatures
anti-Jewish caricatures
Anti-semitic caricature, Dutch
Nazi political caricatures
Anti-Jewish propaganda, Nazi
Anti-Soviet propaganda, Nazi
Anti-Stalin propaganda, Nazi
Documents in Dutch language
Dutch, language
Narratives in Dutch language
Anti-allies propaganda, Nazi Germany
Nazi Propaganda
Nazi-German propaganda in the Netherlands, 1940 -- 1945
Nazi-German political propaganda
Herbert and Nancy Bernhard Papers (1900 -- 1970s)
Creators:
Herbert and Nancy Bernhard Papers (1900 -- 1970s)
Collaborationist  propaganda services rendering anti-Jewish, anti-Communist, anti-Stalin materials (1939 -- 1945)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 2: RG-75.02.02, The Idea of Race in the Modern World, Nazi Publication 1939, 1939Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
A piece of Nazi literature from 1939 written by Fritz Dahms entitled “Die Rassenidee im modernen Weltbild”, or “The Idea of Race in the Modern World”. Fritz Dahms was an official at the German Foreign Office and this specific piece was written for the University for Political Research Department in Nazi Germany. It discusses the idea of racial purity in Germany. During the Nazi regime, all aspects of the education system were controlled by Nazi authorities.
Subject/Index Terms:
Anti-Jewish propaganda, Nazi
Anti-Jewish propaganda, German
Germany (1939--1945)
Nazi Propaganda
German Literature
German literature published in the course of the Second World War
Publications, German
Nazi-German literature
Documents in German language
German, language
Narratives in German language
Nazi racial theory
Racial ideology
Anti-semitic publication, German
Aryanization
Education documents, German, 1939 -- 1945
Education in Germany, 1939 -- 1945
Fritz Dahms, author of Nazi racial theory literature (1939)
Junker und Duennhaupt Verlag, Berlin, publishing company
Berlin (Germany)
Universities, German (1939 -- 1945)
Herbert and Nancy Bernhard Papers (1900 -- 1970s)
Creators:
Fritz Dahms, author of Nazi racial theory literature (1939)
Herbert and Nancy Bernhard Papers (1900 -- 1970s)
Junker und Duennhaupt Publishing House
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 3: RG-75.02.03, Anti-Semitic leaflet for First World War German soldiers, German, circa 1920, circa 1920Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
An Anti-Semitic leaflet created by the Committee on Public Education, most likely an independent Right-wing German agency, circa 1920. The leaflet was created for First World War German soldiers and claims that while the Germans were fighting the war, the Jews in Germany got to stay home and take over the government, making up 80% of the Weimar Republic’s government. The leaflet calls for a Germany for Germans. This leaflet supports the Jewish conspiracy that Jews were the reason for the Germans’ defeat in the war.
Subject/Index Terms:
Anti-Jewish propaganda, German
Germany (1918--1933)
Weimar Republic, 1919 -- 1933
Publications, German
Documents in German language
German, language
Narratives in German language
Anti-semitic publication, German
Berlin (Germany)
Committee on Public Education, Berlin (circa 1920)
Interwar Germany (1919 -- 1939)
Antisemitism
Antisemitism in Germany
Antisemitism in interwar Germany
Jewish Conspiracy
Propaganda for First World War German soldiers
Anti-semitic leaflet
Right-wing publications
German Right Wing, 1919 -- 1933
soldiers, German, the First World War
Creators:
Committee on Public Education, Berlin (1919 -- 1933)
Herbert and Nancy Bernhard Papers (1900 -- 1970s)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 4: RG-75.02.04, Invitation to anti-Semitic rally of German tobacco businessmen against Jewish merchants, circa 1933, circa 1933Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
An invitation to a meeting of German tobacconists to discuss the problem of Jewish tobacco merchants having a monopoly on the industry. The meeting is organized by the Nazi Party, particularly the National Socialist Professional Connection and invites members of the German Guild of Tobacconists. The invitation makes a specific point of stating that Jewish merchants will not be admitted. Two Nazi speakers will explain the problem with Jewish merchants. Circa 1933
Subject/Index Terms:
Herbert and Nancy Bernhard Papers (1900 -- 1970s)
Germany (1933 -- 1939)
Publications, German
Documents in German language
German, language
Narratives in German language
Anti-Semitic publication
Anti-semitic publication, German
Berlin (Germany)
Antisemitism
Antisemitism in Germany
Anti-semitic leaflet
National Socialist German Workers' Party
Boycott of Jewish businesses in Nazi Germany
Businesses and enterprises, Germany
Nazi Rally
Nazi anti-Jewish measures, actions and legislations
Nazi Party, membership
Nazi Government of Germany, appeals to German people, 1933 -- 1945
Nationalsozialistische Berufsverbindung (National Socialist Professional Connection)
Zunftgruppe der Tabakwarenhaendler (German Guild of tobacconists), circa 1933
Creators:
NSDAP, National Socialist German Workers' Party (1933 -- 1945)
Nationalsozialistische Berufsverbindung (National Socialist Professional Connection) (1933 -- 1945)
Zunftgruppe der Tabakwarenhaendler (German Guild of Tobacconists), circa 1933
Herbert and Nancy Bernhard Papers (1900 -- 1970s)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 5: RG-75.02.05, German anti-Jewish appeal in the Soviet-occupied territories, circa 1942, circa 1942Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
A leaflet distributed to the Soviet Red Army from Nazi-German propaganda services in the Eastern Front during the Second World War. The leaflet is written in Russian, claiming that the Soviet soldiers do not belong with the Jews and should join the new Europe that Germany is building (without Jews, Bolsheviks, and capitalists). The leaflet includes a cartoon of a strong, working-class Russian family in front of a larger, looming Jew. The leaflet states in both Russian and German that it will serve as a valid pass to surrender and is stamped by the German Wehrmacht.
Subject/Index Terms:
Anti-Jewish propaganda, German
Anti-Jewish propaganda leaflets, Russian language, 1941 -- 1945
Documents in Russian language
Russian, language
Narratives in Russian language
Documents in German language
German, language
Narratives in German language
Eastern Front, the German War against the USSR, 1941 -- 1945
German war against the USSR, 1941 -- 1945
Nazi-German military campaigns in the Second World War, 1939 -- 1945
German military campaign in the USSR, 1941 -- 1943
Nazi-German military campaign in the Eastern Front, 1941 -- 1945
German anti-Jewish appeals in the Soviet-occupied territories
German appeals to Red Army soldiers to surrender, 1941 -- 1945
German appeals to the Red Army soldiers, Eastern Front, 1941 -- 1945
Germany (1939--1945)
The USSR (1941--1945)
Nazi anti-Jewish propaganda
Nazi anti-Bolshevism
Nazi anti-Bolshevik racial and political propaganda
German Armed Forces, Wehrmacht
Soviet Red Army, armed forces, Soviet
Soldiers, Soviet Red Army
Surrender - passes to the Red Army soldiers, issued by the Germans, 1941 -- 1945
Surrender appeals and leaflets distributed to the Soviet Red Army officers and soldiers
Anti-Jewish and anti-Bolshevik German propaganda materials distributed to Soviet military personnel
Prisoners of war, Soviet
German awareness of the Stalinist NKVD units blocking any retreat of the Soviet military units
Antisemitism
Anti-semitic cartoon, German
antisemitic caricatures
Nazi-German propaganda services in the Eastern Front, 1941 -- 1945
Government of Nazi Germany (1933-1945)
Creators:
Nazi-German propaganda services in the Eastern Front (1941 -- 1945)
Government of Nazi Germany (1933--1945)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 6: RG-75.02.06, German appeal to the Red Army soldiers against Jewish political commissars, 1941, 1941Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
A leaflet distributed to the Soviet Red Army from Nazi-German propaganda services in the Eastern Front during the Second World War. The leaflet is written in Russian, asserting that the Jewish political commissars treat the Soviet soldiers badly and deserve physical harm. Soviet soldiers were not allowed to retreat, so in the first cartoon, there is a Jewish political commissar shooting any Soviet soldier retreating, while in the second cartoon, the commissar is beaten while the Soviet soldiers that surrender are received peacefully. The leaflet states in both Russian and German that the leaflet will serve as a valid pass to surrender and is stamped by the German Wehrmacht.
Subject/Index Terms:
Anti-Jewish propaganda, German
Anti-Jewish propaganda leaflets, Russian language, 1941 -- 1945
Documents in Russian language
Russian, language
Narratives in Russian language
Documents in German language
German, language
Narratives in German language
Eastern Front, the German War against the USSR, 1941 -- 1945
German war against the USSR, 1941 -- 1945
Nazi-German military campaigns in the Second World War, 1939 -- 1945
Nazi-German military campaign in the Eastern Front, 1941 -- 1945
German military campaign in the USSR, 1941 -- 1943
German anti-Jewish appeals in the Soviet-occupied territories
German appeals to Red Army soldiers to surrender, 1941 -- 1945
German appeals to the Red Army soldiers, Eastern Front, 1941 -- 1945
Germany (1939--1945)
The USSR (1941--1945)
Nazi anti-Jewish propaganda
German Armed Forces, Wehrmacht
Soviet Red Army, armed forces, Soviet
Soldiers, Soviet Red Army
Surrender - passes to the Red Army soldiers, issued by the Germans, 1941 -- 1945
Surrender appeals and leaflets distributed to the Soviet Red Army officers and soldiers
Anti-Jewish and anti-Bolshevik German propaganda materials distributed to Soviet military personnel
Prisoners of war, Soviet
German awareness of the Stalinist NKVD units blocking any retreat of the Soviet military units
Antisemitism
Anti-semitic cartoon, German
antisemitic caricatures
Nazi-German propaganda services in the Eastern Front, 1941 -- 1945
Government of Nazi Germany (1933-1945)
Jewish political commissars
Jewish Conspiracy
Soviet political commissars, caricatures
Judeo-Bolshevism in Nazi-German propaganda
conception of German propaganda, to fight Judeo-Bolshevism for a free Europe
Herbert and Nancy Bernhard Papers (1900 -- 1970s)
Creators:
Nazi-German propaganda services in the Eastern Front (1941 -- 1945)
Government of Nazi Germany (1933--1945)
Herbert and Nancy Bernhard Papers (1900 -- 1970s)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 7: RG-75.02.07, Ukrainian anti-Jewish appeal to Ukrainian population in the German-occupied territories, circa 1942, circa 1942Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
A leaflet distributed to the Soviet Red Army from Ukrainian civil authorities who are collaborators with Nazi Germany. These leaflets would be distributed to Soviet soldiers to give them the impression that Jews were destroying their homeland and were fighting against the new “free Europe”, a Nazi conception of a German empire free of Jews, Bolsheviks, and capitalists.   This leaflet is most likely created solely Ukrainian collaborators as the documents is completely in Ukrainian and does not call the Soviet soldiers to surrender.
Subject/Index Terms:
Herbert and Nancy Bernhard Papers (1900 -- 1970s)
Documents in Ukrainian language
Ukrainian, language
Narratives in Ukrainian language
The USSR (1941--1945)
Soviet Red Army, armed forces, Soviet
Soldiers, Soviet Red Army
Antisemitism
anti-semitic cartoon, Ukrainian
antisemitic caricatures
Jewish Conspiracy
Soviet political commissars, caricatures
Judeo-Bolshevism in Nazi-German propaganda
conception of German propaganda, to fight Judeo-Bolshevism for a free Europe
Anti-Jewish propaganda leaflets, Ukrainian language, 1939 -- 1945
anti-Jewish propaganda, Ukrainian
Antisemitism in the German-occupied and controlled territories, 1939 -- 1945
Collaboration in antisemitic propaganda in the German-controlled and occupied territories
Collaborationist, anti-Jewish narratives, 1939 -- 1945
Ukrainian collaborationist anti-Jewish appeal and caricatures, 1939 -- 1945
Ukrainian collaborationist ideology in relation to Nazi Germany, 1941 -- 1945
German-occupied Ukraine
German occupation of Ukraine, 1941 -- 1944
German Occupied and Controlled Territories
German war against the USSR, 1941 -- 1945
Germany (1939--1945)
Ukraine (Europe)
Anti-Judeo-Bolshevism, caricatures, Ukrainian, 1941 -- 1945
Creators:
Collaborationist  propaganda services rendering anti-Jewish, anti-Communist, anti-Stalin materials (1939 -- 1945)
Ukrainian civil authorities (1941 -- 1945)
Herbert and Nancy Bernhard Papers (1900 -- 1970s)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 8: RG-75.02.08, German-issued surrender pass to the Red Army soldiers, circa 1943, circa 1943Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
A leaflet with cartoon distributed to the Soviet Red Army by Nazi-German propaganda services in the Eastern Front during the Second World War. These leaflets would be distributed to Soviet soldiers to give them the impression that Jews were destroying their homeland and were gathering wealth and power while Soviet soldiers risked their lives. Germany was also aware that Soviet soldiers were not allowed to retreat, so the Germans hoped that offering them this surrender pass would be an attractive offer.
Subject/Index Terms:
Herbert and Nancy Bernhard Papers (1900 -- 1970s)
Anti-Jewish propaganda, German
Anti-Jewish propaganda leaflets, Russian language, 1941 -- 1945
Documents in Russian language
Russian, language
Narratives in Russian language
Eastern Front, the German War against the USSR, 1941 -- 1945
German war against the USSR, 1941 -- 1945
Nazi-German military campaigns in the Second World War, 1939 -- 1945
Nazi-German military campaign in the Eastern Front, 1941 -- 1945
German military campaign in the USSR, 1941 -- 1943
German anti-Jewish appeals in the Soviet-occupied territories
German appeals to Red Army soldiers to surrender, 1941 -- 1945
German appeals to the Red Army soldiers, Eastern Front, 1941 -- 1945
Germany (1939--1945)
The USSR (1941--1945)
Nazi anti-Jewish propaganda
German Armed Forces, Wehrmacht
Soviet Red Army, armed forces, Soviet
Soldiers, Soviet Red Army
Surrender - passes to the Red Army soldiers, issued by the Germans, 1941 -- 1945
Surrender appeals and leaflets distributed to the Soviet Red Army officers and soldiers
Anti-Jewish and anti-Bolshevik German propaganda materials distributed to Soviet military personnel
Prisoners of war, Soviet
German awareness of the Stalinist NKVD units blocking any retreat of the Soviet military units
Antisemitism
Anti-semitic cartoon, German
antisemitic caricatures
Nazi-German propaganda services in the Eastern Front, 1941 -- 1945
Government of Nazi Germany (1933-1945)
Jewish Conspiracy
conception of German propaganda, to fight Judeo-Bolshevism for a free Europe
Judeo-Bolshevism in Nazi-German propaganda
Creators:
Nazi-German propaganda services in the Eastern Front (1941 -- 1945)
Government of Nazi Germany (1933--1945)
Herbert and Nancy Bernhard Papers (1900 -- 1970s)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 9: RG-75.02.09, German anti-Jewish appeal to the Red Army, circa 1942, circa 1942Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
A leaflet distributed to the Soviet Red Army by Nazi-German propaganda services in the Eastern Front during the Second World War. These leaflets would be distributed to Soviet soldiers to give them the impression that Jews were destroying their homeland and were gathering wealth and power while Soviet soldiers risked their lives. German propagandists pushed the idea of Judeo-Bolshevism, that Jews were at the origin of the Revolution in Russia and had control of the government. This conspiracy might convince Soviets that their fight was not with the Germans, but rather at home with the Jews. The cartoon featured on the leaflet shows Jews conducting business and sitting on bags of money, while a dignified Soviet soldier is wounded in battle.
Subject/Index Terms:
Herbert and Nancy Bernhard Papers (1900 -- 1970s)
Anti-Jewish propaganda, German
Anti-Jewish propaganda leaflets, Russian language, 1941 -- 1945
Documents in Russian language
Russian, language
Narratives in Russian language
Eastern Front, the German War against the USSR, 1941 -- 1945
German war against the USSR, 1941 -- 1945
Nazi-German military campaigns in the Second World War, 1939 -- 1945
Nazi-German military campaign in the Eastern Front, 1941 -- 1945
German military campaign in the USSR, 1941 -- 1943
German anti-Jewish appeals in the Soviet-occupied territories
German appeals to the Red Army soldiers, Eastern Front, 1941 -- 1945
Germany (1939--1945)
The USSR (1941--1945)
Nazi anti-Jewish propaganda
German Armed Forces, Wehrmacht
Soviet Red Army, armed forces, Soviet
Soldiers, Soviet Red Army
Anti-Jewish and anti-Bolshevik German propaganda materials distributed to Soviet military personnel
Antisemitism
Anti-semitic cartoon, German
antisemitic caricatures
Nazi-German propaganda services in the Eastern Front, 1941 -- 1945
Government of Nazi Germany (1933-1945)
Jewish Conspiracy
Judeo-Bolshevism in Nazi-German propaganda
conception of German propaganda, to fight Judeo-Bolshevism for a free Europe
Creators:
Nazi-German propaganda services in the Eastern Front (1941 -- 1945)
Government of Nazi Germany (1933--1945)
Herbert and Nancy Bernhard Papers (1900 -- 1970s)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 10: RG-75.02.10, Letter from Kiev military district suggesting discharge of Soviet officer for antisemitism, c. 1941, circa 1941Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
A letter from the head of the 2nd branch of the 6th division of the Kiev military district of the Soviet Red Army asserting that an officer should be discharged from the Red Army and the Communist Party because of the officer in question’s anti-Semitism. This document is most likely from 1941 (when the USSR joined the Allied forces) or later because it would be in the same interest as the Allied forces to punish anti-Semites (those possessing a key value of Nazi Germans).
Subject/Index Terms:
Herbert and Nancy Bernhard Papers (1900 -- 1970s)
Documents in Russian language
Russian, language
Narratives in Russian language
Soviet Red Army, armed forces, Soviet
Soldiers, Soviet Red Army
Kiev (Ukraine: 1940-1945)
Ukraine (Europe)
Soviet-occupied territories, 1941 -- 1945
The USSR (1941--1945)
Communist Party of the USSR
Antisemitism
Correspondence in Russian language
Military correspondence
Antisemitism in the USSR
Antisemitism in Soviet Red Army
Kiev Military District
Allied forces
Creators:
Staff of Kiev Military District
Soviet authorities (1939 -- 1945)
Herbert and Nancy Bernhard Papers (1900 -- 1970s)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 11: RG-75.02.11, German anti-Soviet and anti-Jewish leaflet, circa 1942, circa 1942Add to your cart.View associated digital content.

A leaflet distributed to the Soviet Red Army by Nazi-German propaganda services in the Eastern Front during the Second World War. These leaflets would be distributed to Soviet soldiers to give them the impression that Jews were destroying their homeland by offering local news in the USSR. It mentions anti-Semitic protests got over 300 Soviet citizens arrested. German propagandists pushed the idea of Judeo-Bolshevism, that Jews were at the origin of the Revolution in Russia and had control of the government. This conspiracy might convince Soviets that their fight was not with the Germans, but rather at home with the Jews.

The leaflet also asserts that Stalin and his police force are brutes, citing examples of drunkenness in church and accidental and unnecessary violence. The cartoon featured on the leaflet has a heading that reads “On the Other Side” showing a Jew safe behind government walls while the Soviet soldiers are on the other side of the wall being killed in battle.

Subject/Index Terms:
Herbert and Nancy Bernhard Papers (1900 -- 1970s)
Anti-Jewish propaganda, German
Anti-Soviet propaganda, German
anti-Stalin propaganda, German
Anti-Jewish propaganda leaflets, Russian language, 1941 -- 1945
Documents in Russian language
Russian, language
Narratives in Russian language
Eastern Front, the German War against the USSR, 1941 -- 1945
German war against the USSR, 1941 -- 1945
Nazi-German military campaigns in the Second World War, 1939 -- 1945
Nazi-German military campaign in the Eastern Front, 1941 -- 1945
German military campaign in the USSR, 1941 -- 1943
German anti-Jewish appeals in the Soviet-occupied territories
German appeals to the Red Army soldiers, Eastern Front, 1941 -- 1945
Germany (1939--1945)
The USSR (1941--1945)
Nazi anti-Jewish propaganda
Soldiers, Soviet Red Army
Soviet Red Army, armed forces, Soviet
Anti-Jewish and anti-Bolshevik German propaganda materials distributed to Soviet military personnel
Antisemitism
Anti-semitic cartoon, German
antisemitic caricatures
Antisemitism in the German-occupied and controlled territories, 1939 -- 1945
Nazi-German propaganda services in the Eastern Front, 1941 -- 1945
Government of Nazi Germany (1933-1945)
Jewish Conspiracy
Judeo-Bolshevism in Nazi-German propaganda
conception of German propaganda, to fight Judeo-Bolshevism for a free Europe
German anti-Soviet appeals in the Soviet-occupied territories
German anti-Stalinist appeals in the Soviet-occupied territories
Collaboration in antisemitic propaganda in the German-controlled and occupied territories
Collaborationist, anti-Jewish narratives, 1939 -- 1945
Anti-Soviet propaganda, collaborationist
Creators:
Nazi-German propaganda services in the Eastern Front (1941 -- 1945)
Government of Nazi Germany (1933--1945)
Herbert and Nancy Bernhard Papers (1900 -- 1970s)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 12: RG-75.02.12, Russian anti-Stalinist and anti-Soviet narrative, circa 1942, circa 1942Add to your cart.View associated digital content.

A Russian narrative drawing political parallels between Joseph Stalin and Boris Godunov by even explicitly mentioning Pushkin’s famous play about the latter of the two. Boris Godunov was the tsar of Russia from 1598 to 1605 whose reign ended in troubled times for Russia. This leaflet makes the case that Stalin’s rise to power also led to a time of trouble in Russia, with mass murders and civil unrest. The narrative reminds us of the rumor of Godunov’s suspected murder the son of Tsar Ivan IV Vasilyevich, or Ivan the Terrible, in order to become the de facto tsar of Russia. Similarly, in this narrative, it is mentioned that Stalin killed many of his colleagues and allies such as Lenin and Trotsky. The style of writing here alludes to the play, as Stalin bemoans his guilty conscience, just as Godunov does. 

This narrative was most likely created by Russians who did not support the Soviet regime, as opposed to Soviets collaborating with Germany. The references to Russian culture and the Byzantine style of Russian history suggest this is the work of anti-Stalinist Russians.

Subject/Index Terms:
Herbert and Nancy Bernhard Papers (1900 -- 1970s)
Boris Godunov, Tsar of Russian Empire, 1598 -- 1605
Alexander Pushkin, Russian playwright, authored "Boris Godunov" in 1825
Ivan IV Vasilyevich, Ivan the Terrible, Tsar of Russian Empire 1547 -- 1584
Repressions and persecutions in the USSR under the Stalinist regime
Stalin's dictatorship in the USSR
Joseph Stalin, General Secretary of the Party and Prime Minister of the  USSR, 1879 -- 1953
anti-Stalin propaganda
Byzantine style of Russian history in anti Stalinist narrative, 1941 -- 1945
Political parallels between Stalin, Godunov, and other imperial dictators of Russia
Parallel literary styles in classic Russian works and anti-Stalinist propaganda, 1941 -- 1945
Documents in Russian language
Russian, language
Narratives in Russian language
The USSR (1941--1945)
anti-Soviet propaganda, Russian
anti-Communist propaganda, Russian
anti-Stalin cartoon, Russian
Stalin caricature, Russian
anti-Soviet cartoon, Russian
Creators:
V. Elchaninov, anti-Stalinist and anti-Soviet propagandist (circa 1942)
Herbert and Nancy Bernhard Papers (1900 -- 1970s)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 13: RG-75.02.13, Ukrainian collaborationist anti-Jewish narrative, circa 1942, circa 1942Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
A leaflet distributed to the Soviet Red Army from Ukrainian civil authorities who are collaborators with Nazi Germany. These leaflets would be distributed to Soviet soldiers to give them the impression that Jews were destroying their homeland and were fighting against the new “free Europe”, a Nazi conception of a German empire free of Jews, Bolsheviks, and capitalists.   The leaflet is entitled “War and the Jews” and explains that while the Soviets fight the Jews not only stay safe, but also are free to run the government behind the scenes. The caricature featured bolsters this argument as a Jew drives the Communist cart filled with money with his whip made of Stars of David. This leaflet is most likely created solely by Ukrainian collaborators as the document is completely in Ukrainian and does not call the Soviet soldiers to surrender.
Subject/Index Terms:
Herbert and Nancy Bernhard Papers (1900 -- 1970s)
Documents in Ukrainian language
Ukrainian, language
Narratives in Ukrainian language
The USSR (1941--1945)
Soldiers, Soviet Red Army
Soviet Red Army, armed forces, Soviet
Antisemitism
anti-semitic cartoon, Ukrainian
antisemitic caricatures
Jewish Conspiracy
Anti-Judeo-Bolshevism, caricatures, Ukrainian, 1941 -- 1945
Anti-Jewish propaganda leaflets, Ukrainian language, 1939 -- 1945
anti-Jewish propaganda, Ukrainian
Antisemitism in the German-occupied and controlled territories, 1939 -- 1945
Collaboration in antisemitic propaganda in the German-controlled and occupied territories
Collaborationist, anti-Jewish narratives, 1939 -- 1945
Ukrainian collaborationist anti-Jewish appeal and caricatures, 1939 -- 1945
Ukrainian collaborationist ideology in relation to Nazi Germany, 1941 -- 1945
German-occupied Ukraine
German occupation of Ukraine, 1941 -- 1944
German Occupied and Controlled Territories
German war against the USSR, 1941 -- 1945
Ukraine (Europe)
Creators:
Collaborationist  propaganda services rendering anti-Jewish, anti-Communist, anti-Stalin materials (1939 -- 1945)
Ukrainian civil authorities (1941 -- 1945)
Herbert and Nancy Bernhard Papers (1900 -- 1970s)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 14: RG-75.02.14, Ukrainian collaborationist anti-Semitic narrative, circa 1942, circa 1942Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
A leaflet distributed to the Soviet Red Army from Ukrainian civil authorities who are collaborators with Nazi Germany. These leaflets would be distributed to Soviet soldiers to give them the impression that Jews were destroying their homeland and were fighting against the new “free Europe”, a Nazi conception of a German empire free of Jews, Bolsheviks, and capitalists.   The leaflet is entitled “The Shameless Race without Mercy: Jews in the Soviet Union” and explains that while the Soviets fight the Jews not only stay safe, but also are free to mercilessly run the government into the ground. It cites specific Jewish leaders that Stalin has aligned himself with, only to the detriment of the Soviet Union. The caricature featured bolsters this argument as a Jew, an Englishman (entitled “plutocrat”), and a Bolshevik are three branches of one tree on top of countless skulls. The Allied forces are seen as responsible for the merciless deaths of thousands, with the Jews as the central branch responsible for the killing.
Subject/Index Terms:
Herbert and Nancy Bernhard Papers (1900 -- 1970s)
Documents in Ukrainian language
Ukrainian, language
Narratives in Ukrainian language
The USSR (1941--1945)
Soldiers, Soviet Red Army
Soviet Red Army, armed forces, Soviet
Antisemitism
anti-semitic cartoon, Ukrainian
antisemitic caricatures
Jewish Conspiracy
Anti-Judeo-Bolshevism, caricatures, Ukrainian, 1941 -- 1945
conception of German propaganda, to fight Judeo-Bolshevism for a free Europe
Judeo-Bolshevism in Nazi-German propaganda
Anti-Jewish propaganda leaflets, Ukrainian language, 1939 -- 1945
anti-Jewish propaganda, Ukrainian
Antisemitism in the German-occupied and controlled territories, 1939 -- 1945
Collaboration in antisemitic propaganda in the German-controlled and occupied territories
Collaborationist, anti-Jewish narratives, 1939 -- 1945
Ukrainian collaborationist anti-Jewish appeal and caricatures, 1939 -- 1945
Ukrainian collaborationist ideology in relation to Nazi Germany, 1941 -- 1945
German-occupied Ukraine
German occupation of Ukraine, 1941 -- 1944
German Occupied and Controlled Territories
German war against the USSR, 1941 -- 1945
Eastern Front, the German War against the USSR, 1941 -- 1945
Nazi-German military campaigns in the Second World War, 1939 -- 1945
Nazi-German military campaign in the Eastern Front, 1941 -- 1945
German military campaign in the USSR, 1941 -- 1943
Germany (1939--1945)
Great Britain (1939--1945)
Ukraine (Europe)
government of Great Britain deemed a plutocracy
anti-British caricatures
anti-Communist propaganda, Ukrainian
German anti-Stalinist appeals in the Soviet-occupied territories
anti-Stalin propaganda, Ukrainian
Nazi anti-Bolshevism, Ukraine
anti-Bolshevik propaganda
Nazi anti-Bolshevik racial and political propaganda
Anti-Communist propaganda, German
Anti-Stalin propaganda, Nazi
Anti-British propaganda, Nazi
Allied forces
Nazi-German propaganda services in the Eastern Front, 1941 -- 1945
Creators:
Collaborationist  propaganda services rendering anti-Jewish, anti-Communist, anti-Stalin materials (1939 -- 1945)
Ukrainian civil authorities (1941 -- 1945)
Nazi-German propaganda services in the Eastern Front (1941 -- 1945)
Herbert and Nancy Bernhard Papers (1900 -- 1970s)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 15: RG-75.02.15, Russian collaborationist anti-Jewish narrative, circa 1941, circa 1941Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
A leaflet distributed to the Soviet Red Army from Nazi-German propaganda services and/or Russian collaborators in the Eastern Front during the Second World War. The leaflet is written in Russian, offering a story from an experienced Soviet soldier and the wise words of his grandfather. His grandfather explained that Russia was strong and powerful. Germans and Russians got along for centuries, until Jews gained power in the government. While Soviet soldiers fight today, Jews remain in the back, unharmed. The Jews have ruined the government and relations with Germany. Included is a cartoon of the Soviet soldier and his honorable Russian grandfather. Here, Germans are blaming Jews in order to make them the scapegoat of the war.
Subject/Index Terms:
Anti-Jewish propaganda leaflets, Russian language, 1941 -- 1945
Documents in Russian language
Russian, language
Narratives in Russian language
Eastern Front, the German War against the USSR, 1941 -- 1945
German war against the USSR, 1941 -- 1945
Nazi-German military campaigns in the Second World War, 1939 -- 1945
Nazi-German military campaign in the Eastern Front, 1941 -- 1945
German military campaign in the USSR, 1941 -- 1943
German anti-Jewish appeals in the Soviet-occupied territories
German appeals to the Red Army soldiers, Eastern Front, 1941 -- 1945
Germany (1939--1945)
The USSR (1941--1945)
Nazi anti-Jewish propaganda
German Armed Forces, Wehrmacht
Soldiers, Soviet Red Army
Soviet Red Army, armed forces, Soviet
Anti-Jewish and anti-Bolshevik German propaganda materials distributed to Soviet military personnel
Antisemitism
Nazi-German propaganda services in the Eastern Front, 1941 -- 1945
Government of Nazi Germany (1933-1945)
Jewish Conspiracy
Judeo-Bolshevism in Nazi-German propaganda
conception of German propaganda, to fight Judeo-Bolshevism for a free Europe
Collaboration in antisemitic propaganda in the German-controlled and occupied territories
Collaborationist, anti-Jewish narratives, 1939 -- 1945
Herbert and Nancy Bernhard Papers (1900 -- 1970s)
Russian collaborationist anti-Jewish appeal and caricatures, 1941 -- 1945
Creators:
Nazi-German propaganda services in the Eastern Front (1941 -- 1945)
Collaborationist  propaganda services rendering anti-Jewish, anti-Communist, anti-Stalin materials (1939 -- 1945)
Government of Nazi Germany (1933--1945)
Herbert and Nancy Bernhard Papers (1900 -- 1970s)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 16: RG-75.02.16, German anti-Semitic propaganda against visiting Jewish shops, circa 1933, circa 1933Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
A German leaflet urging German citizens to stop shopping at Jewish-owned stores and took look for the “German” sign. The push for the boycott of Jewish stores began at the start of 1933, the same time the Nazi party came to power in Germany, although this placard was probably released before the official Nazi boycott of Jewish businesses, enforced in April 1933. The leaflet also includes a cartoon of a shop with a Jewish name with a large black hand in front asking you to “Halt!”
Subject/Index Terms:
Herbert and Nancy Bernhard Papers (1900 -- 1970s)
Anti-Jewish propaganda, German
anti-Jewish publications
Anti-Jewish signs
Anti-Jewish text, German
Nazi anti-Jewish propaganda
Anti-Jewish propaganda, Nazi
Nazi Anti-Semitic Propaganda
Antisemitism
Antisemitism in Germany
Antisemitism in interwar Germany
Anti-semitic cartoon, German
Anti-semitic leaflet
Anti-semitic poster, German
Anti-Semitic publication
Anti-semitic publication, German
Anti-Semitic text, German
Aryanization, alienation of Jewish-owned businesses, 1933 -- 1945
Nazi propaganda against Jewish owned businesses, circa 1933
Documents in German language
German, language
Narratives in German language
Germany (1933 -- 1939)
Government of Nazi Germany (1933-1945)
Limitations on Jewish economic activity in Nazi Germany
Ministry of Public Enlightenment and Propaganda, Nazi Germany, 1933-1945
Creators:
Nazi-German Ministry of Public Enlightenment and Propaganda (RMVP) (March 1933-May 1945)
Government of Nazi Germany (1933--1945)
Herbert and Nancy Bernhard Papers (1900 -- 1970s)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 17: RG-75.02.17, German surrender pass in Russian with anti-Jewish narrative, circa 1942, circa 1942Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
A leaflet distributed to the Soviet Red Army from Nazi-German propaganda services in the Eastern Front during the Second World War. The leaflet is written in Russian, asserting that the Jews are the cause of all the suffering in the Soviet Union. It asserts that while Soviet soldiers risk their lives, Jews stay safe behind the front lines and fill their pockets with money. The only way to end the war is to banish every last Jew out of the USSR. This leaflet goes so far as to compare Jews to rats, with an illustration of a rat in front of a Star of David. By making Jews the scapegoat, it encourages Soviet soldiers to defect or surrender to the Germans. This leaflet also serves as a valid surrender pass. The Germans were aware that Soviet soldiers were not allowed to retreat, so giving them the chance to live by surrendering might be a more attractive offer.
Subject/Index Terms:
anti-Jewish publications
Nazi anti-Jewish propaganda
Nazi Anti-Semitic Propaganda
Antisemitism
Anti-semitic leaflet
Anti-Semitic publication
Primitivism, barbarism and vulgarity of Nazi antisemitic publications, 1933 -- 1945
Antisemitic publication, Russian
Antisemitic publication, Nazi
antisemitic text, Russian
Anti-Jewish propaganda, Nazi
Anti-Jewish propaganda leaflets, Russian language, 1941 -- 1945
Documents in Russian language
Russian, language
Narratives in Russian language
Documents in German language
German, language
Narratives in German language
Eastern Front, the German War against the USSR, 1941 -- 1945
German war against the USSR, 1941 -- 1945
Nazi-German military campaigns in the Second World War, 1939 -- 1945
German military campaign in the USSR, 1941 -- 1943
Nazi-German military campaign in the Eastern Front, 1941 -- 1945
German anti-Jewish appeals in the Soviet-occupied territories
German appeals to Red Army soldiers to surrender, 1941 -- 1945
German appeals to the Red Army soldiers, Eastern Front, 1941 -- 1945
Germany (1939--1945)
The USSR (1941--1945)
German Armed Forces, Wehrmacht
Soldiers, Soviet Red Army
Soviet Red Army, armed forces, Soviet
Surrender - passes to the Red Army soldiers, issued by the Germans, 1941 -- 1945
Surrender appeals and leaflets distributed to the Soviet Red Army officers and soldiers
Anti-Jewish and anti-Bolshevik German propaganda materials distributed to Soviet military personnel
German awareness of the Stalinist NKVD units blocking any retreat of the Soviet military units
Nazi-German propaganda services in the Eastern Front, 1941 -- 1945
Government of Nazi Germany (1933-1945)
Jewish Conspiracy
conception of German propaganda, to fight Judeo-Bolshevism for a free Europe
Judeo-Bolshevism in Nazi-German propaganda
Russian collaborationist anti-Jewish appeal and caricatures, 1941 -- 1945
Herbert and Nancy Bernhard Papers (1900 -- 1970s)
Anti-semitic cartoon, Nazi
Creators:
Nazi-German propaganda services in the Eastern Front (1941 -- 1945)
Government of Nazi Germany (1933--1945)
Collaborationist  propaganda services rendering anti-Jewish, anti-Communist, anti-Stalin materials (1939 -- 1945)
Russian civil authorities (1941 -- 1945)
Herbert and Nancy Bernhard Papers (1900 -- 1970s)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 18: RG-75.02.18, Nazi appeal to Ukrainians to join German Labor Service, circa 1942, circa 1942Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
A leaflet distributed to the Soviet Red Army from Nazi-German propaganda services in the Eastern Front with the help of what was most likely Ukrainian collaborators. Although most of the document is written in Russian, the main message is written n Ukrainian, in bold letters. It asks the Ukrainians to work in Germany to help fight the Judeo-Bolshevism that is ruining Germany’s plans for a “free Europe”. The leaflet explains that the Soviet regime is shrouded in lies and mistrust, a regime promoted by Marxist-Jews. By making Jews the scapegoat, it encourages Soviet soldiers to defect or surrender to the Germans. The Germans were aware that Soviet soldiers were not allowed to retreat, so giving them the chance to live by offering them work in Germany might have been a more attractive offer and convince Soviet soldiers to surrender.
Subject/Index Terms:
Herbert and Nancy Bernhard Papers (1900 -- 1970s)
anti-Jewish publications
Nazi anti-Jewish propaganda
Nazi Anti-Semitic Propaganda
Antisemitism
Anti-semitic leaflet
Anti-Semitic publication
Antisemitic publication, Russian
Antisemitic publication, Nazi
antisemitic text, Russian
Anti-Jewish propaganda leaflets, Russian language, 1941 -- 1945
Anti-Jewish propaganda leaflets, Ukrainian language, 1939 -- 1945
Documents in Russian language
Russian, language
Narratives in Russian language
Documents in Ukrainian language
Ukrainian, language
Narratives in Ukrainian language
Eastern Front, the German War against the USSR, 1941 -- 1945
German war against the USSR, 1941 -- 1945
Nazi-German military campaigns in the Second World War, 1939 -- 1945
Nazi-German military campaign in the Eastern Front, 1941 -- 1945
German military campaign in the USSR, 1941 -- 1943
German anti-Jewish appeals in the Soviet-occupied territories
German appeals to the Red Army soldiers, Eastern Front, 1941 -- 1945
Germany (1939--1945)
The USSR (1941--1945)
Ukraine (Europe)
Soldiers, Soviet Red Army
Soviet Red Army, armed forces, Soviet
Anti-Jewish and anti-Bolshevik German propaganda materials distributed to Soviet military personnel
German awareness of the Stalinist NKVD units blocking any retreat of the Soviet military units
Nazi-German propaganda services in the Eastern Front, 1941 -- 1945
Government of Nazi Germany (1933-1945)
Anti-Soviet propaganda, collaborationist
Collaborationist, anti-Jewish narratives, 1939 -- 1945
Ukrainian collaborationist anti-Jewish appeal and caricatures, 1939 -- 1945
Jewish Conspiracy
conception of German propaganda, to fight Judeo-Bolshevism for a free Europe
Judeo-Bolshevism in Nazi-German propaganda
anti-Soviet propaganda, Ukrainian
anti-Stalin propaganda, Ukrainian
Anti-Stalin propaganda, Nazi
Antisemitism in the German-occupied and controlled territories, 1939 -- 1945
Appeals to join German Labor Service and start working in Germany
Appeals to volunteer to German labor service, 1941 -- 1945
Collaboration in antisemitic propaganda in the German-controlled and occupied territories
Deception and propaganda about volunteer labor in Germany, 1941 -- 1945
German anti-Stalinist appeals in the Soviet-occupied territories
German anti-Soviet appeals in the Soviet-occupied territories
German Labor Service propaganda, cartoon
Creators:
Collaborationist  propaganda services rendering anti-Jewish, anti-Communist, anti-Stalin materials (1939 -- 1945)
Ukrainian civil authorities (1941 -- 1945)
Nazi-German propaganda services in the Eastern Front (1941 -- 1945)
Government of Nazi Germany (1933--1945)
Herbert and Nancy Bernhard Papers (1900 -- 1970s)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 19: RG-75.02.19, Surrender pass to the Red Army soldiers of the Volkhov Front, circa 1942, circa 1942Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
A leaflet distributed to the Soviet Red Army from Nazi-German propaganda services in the Eastern Front during the Second World War. The leaflet is a surrender pass written in Russian, targeted towards the Soviet soldiers that formed the Volkhov front, formed to help support the Leningrad Front. It asserts that the Jews are the cause of all the suffering in the Soviet Union, as they ask the soldiers to fight, while they stay out of harm’s way and run the government. By making Jews the scapegoat, it encourages Soviet soldiers to defect or surrender to the Germans. The Germans were aware that Soviet soldiers were not allowed to retreat, so giving them the chance to live by surrendering might have been a more attractive offer than facing their merciless officers.
Subject/Index Terms:
anti-Jewish publications
Nazi anti-Jewish propaganda
Nazi Anti-Semitic Propaganda
Antisemitism
Anti-semitic leaflet
Anti-Semitic publication
Antisemitic publication, Russian
Antisemitic publication, Nazi
antisemitic text, Russian
Anti-Jewish propaganda leaflets, Russian language, 1941 -- 1945
Documents in Russian language
Russian, language
Narratives in Russian language
Documents in German language
German, language
Narratives in German language
Eastern Front, the German War against the USSR, 1941 -- 1945
German war against the USSR, 1941 -- 1945
Nazi-German military campaigns in the Second World War, 1939 -- 1945
Nazi-German military campaign in the Eastern Front, 1941 -- 1945
German military campaign in the USSR, 1941 -- 1943
German anti-Jewish appeals in the Soviet-occupied territories
German appeals to Red Army soldiers to surrender, 1941 -- 1945
German appeals to the Red Army soldiers, Eastern Front, 1941 -- 1945
Germany (1939--1945)
The USSR (1941--1945)
German Armed Forces, Wehrmacht
Soldiers, Soviet Red Army
Soviet Red Army, armed forces, Soviet
Surrender - passes to the Red Army soldiers, issued by the Germans, 1941 -- 1945
Surrender appeals and leaflets distributed to the Soviet Red Army officers and soldiers
Anti-Jewish and anti-Bolshevik German propaganda materials distributed to Soviet military personnel
German awareness of the Stalinist NKVD units blocking any retreat of the Soviet military units
Nazi-German propaganda services in the Eastern Front, 1941 -- 1945
Government of Nazi Germany (1933-1945)
Jewish Conspiracy
conception of German propaganda, to fight Judeo-Bolshevism for a free Europe
Judeo-Bolshevism in Nazi-German propaganda
Russian collaborationist anti-Jewish appeal and caricatures, 1941 -- 1945
Herbert and Nancy Bernhard Papers (1900 -- 1970s)
Volkhov Front
German Siege of Leningrad (Soviet Union)
Creators:
Nazi-German propaganda services in the Eastern Front (1941 -- 1945)
Government of Nazi Germany (1933--1945)
Collaborationist  propaganda services rendering anti-Jewish, anti-Communist, anti-Stalin materials (1939 -- 1945)
Russian civil authorities (1941 -- 1945)
Herbert and Nancy Bernhard Papers (1900 -- 1970s)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 20: RG-75.02.20, German surrender pass to the Red Army soldiers, circa 1944, circa 1944Add to your cart.View associated digital content.

A leaflet distributed to the Soviet Red Army from Nazi-German propaganda services in the Eastern Front during the Second World War. The leaflet is a surrender pass written in Russian, targeted towards the Soviet soldiers. The Germans were aware that Soviet soldiers were not allowed to retreat, so giving them the chance to live by surrendering might have been a more attractive offer than facing their merciless officers.  The leaflet describes the Soviet regime as oppressive. It goes so far as to say that Germany can give Russia its freedom back. Included on the back of the pass is a photograph of Soviet prisoners of war with their families looking happy and healthy.

This leaflet is most likely from the tail end of the fighting in the USSR, as the Germans wanted to get closer to the Allies and thus dropped all anti-Semitic and anti-Bolshevik attitudes in their propoganda.

Subject/Index Terms:
Documents in Russian language
Russian, language
Narratives in Russian language
Eastern Front, the German War against the USSR, 1941 -- 1945
German war against the USSR, 1941 -- 1945
Nazi-German military campaigns in the Second World War, 1939 -- 1945
Nazi-German military campaign in the Eastern Front, 1941 -- 1945
German military campaign in the USSR, 1941 -- 1943
German appeals to Red Army soldiers to surrender, 1941 -- 1945
German appeals to the Red Army soldiers, Eastern Front, 1941 -- 1945
Germany (1939--1945)
The USSR (1941--1945)
Soldiers, Soviet Red Army
Soviet Red Army, armed forces, Soviet
Surrender - passes to the Red Army soldiers, issued by the Germans, 1941 -- 1945
Surrender appeals and leaflets distributed to the Soviet Red Army officers and soldiers
Anti-Jewish and anti-Bolshevik German propaganda materials distributed to Soviet military personnel
German awareness of the Stalinist NKVD units blocking any retreat of the Soviet military units
Nazi-German propaganda services in the Eastern Front, 1941 -- 1945
Government of Nazi Germany (1933-1945)
Herbert and Nancy Bernhard Papers (1900 -- 1970s)
Anti-Soviet propaganda, collaborationist
Anti-Soviet propaganda, German
anti-Stalin propaganda, German
Anti-Stalin propaganda, Nazi
German anti-Soviet appeals in the Soviet-occupied territories
German anti-Stalinist appeals in the Soviet-occupied territories
Photographs, prisoners of war
Prisoners of War
Prisoners of war, Soviet
Soviet prisoners of war, 1941 -- 1945, photo-documents
Creators:
Nazi-German propaganda services in the Eastern Front (1941 -- 1945)
Government of Nazi Germany (1933--1945)
Collaborationist  propaganda services rendering anti-Jewish, anti-Communist, anti-Stalin materials (1939 -- 1945)
Russian civil authorities (1941 -- 1945)
Herbert and Nancy Bernhard Papers (1900 -- 1970s)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 21: RG-75.02.21, German surrender pass and appeal to join the Russian Liberation Army, circa 1943, circa 1943Add to your cart.View associated digital content.

A leaflet distributed to the Soviet Red Army from Nazi-German propaganda services in the Eastern Front during the Second World War. The leaflet is a surrender pass written in Russian, targeted towards the Soviet soldiers that formed the Volkhov Front, formed to help support the Leningrad Front. It asserts that the Jews are the cause of all the suffering in the Soviet Union, as they ask the soldiers to fight, while they stay out of harm’s way and run the government. By making Jews the scapegoat, it encourages Soviet soldiers to defect or surrender to the Germans. The Germans were aware that Soviet soldiers were not allowed to retreat, so giving them the chance to live by surrendering might have been a more attractive offer than facing their merciless officers.

Not only does the leaflet suggest that the Soviet soldiers surrender, but that they join the Russian Liberation Army, Russian forces under the command of the Nazi Wehrmacht. It was to be led by Red Army general Andrey Vlasov and meant to unite anti-communist and anti-Bolshevik Russians. However, because Hitler did not trust the Soviet prisoners of war, the Russian Liberation Army was simply a piece of propaganda starting in 1942 and did not actually exist until 1944 when Germany was desperate for the labor.

Subject/Index Terms:
anti-Jewish publications
Nazi anti-Jewish propaganda
Nazi Anti-Semitic Propaganda
Antisemitism
Anti-semitic leaflet
Anti-Semitic publication
Antisemitic publication, Russian
Antisemitic publication, Nazi
antisemitic text, Russian
Anti-Jewish propaganda leaflets, Russian language, 1941 -- 1945
Documents in Russian language
Russian, language
Narratives in Russian language
Documents in German language
German, language
Narratives in German language
Eastern Front, the German War against the USSR, 1941 -- 1945
German war against the USSR, 1941 -- 1945
Nazi-German military campaigns in the Second World War, 1939 -- 1945
Nazi-German military campaign in the Eastern Front, 1941 -- 1945
German military campaign in the USSR, 1941 -- 1943
German anti-Jewish appeals in the Soviet-occupied territories
German appeals to Red Army soldiers to surrender, 1941 -- 1945
German appeals to the Red Army soldiers, Eastern Front, 1941 -- 1945
Germany (1939--1945)
The USSR (1941--1945)
German Armed Forces, Wehrmacht
Soldiers, Soviet Red Army
Soviet Red Army, armed forces, Soviet
Surrender - passes to the Red Army soldiers, issued by the Germans, 1941 -- 1945
Surrender appeals and leaflets distributed to the Soviet Red Army officers and soldiers
Anti-Jewish and anti-Bolshevik German propaganda materials distributed to Soviet military personnel
German awareness of the Stalinist NKVD units blocking any retreat of the Soviet military units
Nazi-German propaganda services in the Eastern Front, 1941 -- 1945
Government of Nazi Germany (1933-1945)
Jewish Conspiracy
conception of German propaganda, to fight Judeo-Bolshevism for a free Europe
Judeo-Bolshevism in Nazi-German propaganda
Russian collaborationist anti-Jewish appeal and caricatures, 1941 -- 1945
Herbert and Nancy Bernhard Papers (1900 -- 1970s)
Volkhov Front
German Siege of Leningrad (Soviet Union)
Andrey Vlasov, Russian Red Army general and Nazi collaborator, 1901 -- 1946
Nazi war propaganda
Russian Liberation Army, 1942 -- 1945
Prisoners of War
Prisoners of war, Soviet
Creators:
Nazi-German propaganda services in the Eastern Front (1941 -- 1945)
Government of Nazi Germany (1933--1945)
Collaborationist  propaganda services rendering anti-Jewish, anti-Communist, anti-Stalin materials (1939 -- 1945)
Russian civil authorities (1941 -- 1945)
Herbert and Nancy Bernhard Papers (1900 -- 1970s)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 22: RG-75.02.22, German appeal to the Soviet population to join German Labor Service, circa 1944, circa 1944Add to your cart.View associated digital content.

A leaflet distributed to the Soviet Red Army from Nazi-German propaganda services in the Eastern Front with the help of Russian collaborators. It asks the Soviet soldiers to take refuge from the horrors of war by joining the Germans. Stalin has caused the soldiers to suffer and the Germans can help the Soviets help themselves by giving them work. This leaflet portrays Stalin as a cruel fool, while Hitler is strong, wise, and just. The Germans were aware that Soviet soldiers were not allowed to retreat, so giving them the chance to live by offering them work in Germany might have been a more attractive offer and convince Soviet soldiers to surrender.

This document is most likely from the tail end of the fighting in the Eastern Front, as there is no anti-Semitic content in this leaflet. In order to get closer to the Allies, the Germans needed to drop the anti-Semitic message and treat the Soviet people as a whole. The Germans were willing to make this sacrifice because at this point in the war they needed the Russian manpower in the German labor force.

Also attached is a list of National Socialist propaganda literature written in German.

Subject/Index Terms:
Herbert and Nancy Bernhard Papers (1900 -- 1970s)
Documents in Russian language
Russian, language
Narratives in Russian language
Documents in German language
German, language
Eastern Front, the German War against the USSR, 1941 -- 1945
German war against the USSR, 1941 -- 1945
Nazi-German military campaigns in the Second World War, 1939 -- 1945
German military campaign in the USSR, 1941 -- 1943
Nazi-German military campaign in the Eastern Front, 1941 -- 1945
German appeals to the Red Army soldiers, Eastern Front, 1941 -- 1945
Germany (1939--1945)
The USSR (1941--1945)
Soldiers, Soviet Red Army
Soviet Red Army, armed forces, Soviet
German awareness of the Stalinist NKVD units blocking any retreat of the Soviet military units
Nazi-German propaganda services in the Eastern Front, 1941 -- 1945
Government of Nazi Germany (1933-1945)
Anti-Soviet propaganda, Nazi
anti-Soviet propaganda, Russian
Anti-Soviet propaganda, collaborationist
Anti-Stalin propaganda, Nazi
Anti-Stalin propaganda, Russian
Appeals to join German Labor Service and start working in Germany
Appeals to volunteer to German labor service, 1941 -- 1945
Deception and propaganda about volunteer labor in Germany, 1941 -- 1945
German anti-Stalinist appeals in the Soviet-occupied territories
German Labor Service propaganda, cartoon
Adolf Hitler, dictator and German Chancellor and President
Joseph Stalin, General Secretary of the Party and Prime Minister of the  USSR, 1879 -- 1953
Nazi-German literature
Nazi war propaganda
Creators:
Collaborationist  propaganda services rendering anti-Jewish, anti-Communist, anti-Stalin materials (1939 -- 1945)
Russian civil authorities (1941 -- 1945)
Nazi-German propaganda services in the Eastern Front (1941 -- 1945)
Government of Nazi Germany (1933--1945)
Herbert and Nancy Bernhard Papers (1900 -- 1970s)
Document/Artifact of Item-Level 23: RG-75.02.23, Russian collaborationist anti-Soviet and anti-Jewish propaganda leaflet, circa 1942, circa 1942Add to your cart.View associated digital content.
A leaflet distributed to the Soviet Red Army from Nazi-German propaganda services and/or Russian collaborators in the Eastern Front during the Second World War. The leaflet is written in Russian, asserting that the Jews gained power in the government and while Soviet soldiers fight today, Jews remain in the back, unharmed. The Jews have ruined the government and relations with Germany. It claims that Germany wants no war, communism, or Bolshevism. It asks the Soviet soldiers to defect to the German army and fight the Jews in power to regain control of their homeland. Included is a cartoon of a Jewish political commissar being kicked by presumably a Soviet soldier.
Subject/Index Terms:
Anti-Jewish propaganda leaflets, Russian language, 1941 -- 1945
Documents in Russian language
Russian, language
Narratives in Russian language
Eastern Front, the German War against the USSR, 1941 -- 1945
German war against the USSR, 1941 -- 1945
Nazi-German military campaigns in the Second World War, 1939 -- 1945
Nazi-German military campaign in the Eastern Front, 1941 -- 1945
German military campaign in the USSR, 1941 -- 1943
German anti-Jewish appeals in the Soviet-occupied territories
German appeals to the Red Army soldiers, Eastern Front, 1941 -- 1945
Germany (1939--1945)
The USSR (1941--1945)
Nazi anti-Jewish propaganda
Soldiers, Soviet Red Army
Soviet Red Army, armed forces, Soviet
Anti-Jewish and anti-Bolshevik German propaganda materials distributed to Soviet military personnel
Antisemitism
Nazi-German propaganda services in the Eastern Front, 1941 -- 1945
Government of Nazi Germany (1933-1945)
Jewish Conspiracy
Judeo-Bolshevism in Nazi-German propaganda
conception of German propaganda, to fight Judeo-Bolshevism for a free Europe
Anti-Soviet propaganda, collaborationist
Collaboration in antisemitic propaganda in the German-controlled and occupied territories
Collaborationist, anti-Jewish narratives, 1939 -- 1945
Herbert and Nancy Bernhard Papers (1900 -- 1970s)
Russian collaborationist anti-Jewish appeal and caricatures, 1941 -- 1945
Anti-Soviet propaganda, Nazi
anti-Soviet propaganda, Russian
Anti-Stalin propaganda, Russian
Anti-Stalin propaganda, Nazi
Jewish political commissars
Anti-Semitic caricatures
Anti-semitic cartoon, Nazi
Creators:
Nazi-German propaganda services in the Eastern Front (1941 -- 1945)
Collaborationist  propaganda services rendering anti-Jewish, anti-Communist, anti-Stalin materials (1939 -- 1945)
Government of Nazi Germany (1933--1945)
Russian civil authorities (1941 -- 1945)
Herbert and Nancy Bernhard Papers (1900 -- 1970s)

Browse by Sub-Collection:

[Sub-Collection 1: RG-75.01, German and American antisemitic materials, late 19th century -- 1970s],
[Sub-Collection 2: RG-75.02, German anti-Jewish and anti-Soviet propaganda  in the Eastern Front, 1939 -- 1945],
[Sub-Collection 3: RG-75.03, Interwar and Postwar Palestinian-Jewish materials, 1930s -- 1940s],
[Sub-Collection 4: RG-75.04, Prewar Polish and Latin American immigration papers, 1918 -- 1945],
[Sub-Collection 5: RG-75.05, Family  documents and photographs, 19-20th centuries, late 19th - beginning of the 20th century],
[Sub-Collection 6: RG-75.06, Evidences of Nazi crimes and postwar emigration to Palestine, 1939 -- 1945],
[Sub-Collection 7: RG-75.07, Papers of Israel Segal Rosenbach, Musicology, 1920s -- 1940s],
[Sub-Collection 8: RG-75.08, The Pacific war-theater, 1941 --1945, photo-documents, 1941 -- 1945],
[Sub-Collection 9: RG-75.09, Hungarian Antisemitic materials, 1884 -- 1944, late 19th century -- 20th century],
[All]


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